About the Journal :
Experimental and Theoretical NANOTECHNOLOGY (ETN) abbreviated as Exp. Theo. NANOTECHNOLOGY is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed international journal published three issues a year. It includes specialized research papers, short communications, reviews and selected conference papers in special issues on the characterization, synthesis, processing, structure and properties of different principles and applications of NANOTECHNOLOGY; with focus on advantageous achievements and applications for the specialists in engineering, chemistry, physics and materials science.
ETN covers and publishes all aspects of fundamental and applied researches of experimental and theoretical nanoscale technology dealing with materials synthesis, processing, nanofabrication, nanoprobes, spectroscopy, properties, biological systems, nanostructures, nanoelectronics, nano-optics, nano-mechanics, nanodevices, nanobiotechnology, nanomedicine, nanotoxicology within the scope of the journal. ETN aims to acquire the recent and outstanding researches for the benefit of the human being.
Quantum Dot Cellular Automata (QCA) is a newly developed paradigm for digital design, which holds the potential to be the possible alternative to the present CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semi-Conductor) technology. After surviving for nearly five decades, the scaling of CMOS is finally reaching its limits. The asperities are not only seen from the physical and technological viewpoint but also from the material and economical perspectives. With no more scaling possible, there arises a need to look for promising alternatives to continue with the nano size/scale computations and to hold on to the Moore’s law. QCA offers a breakthrough required for the fulfilment of certain lacking aspects of CMOS technology in the nano regime. QCA is a technology that involves no current transfer but works on electronic interaction between the cells. The QCA cell basically consists of quantum dots or metal islands separated by certain distance and the entire transmission of information occurs via the interaction between the electrons localized in these potential wells. Since the technology is new and in a premature phase, a huge scope lies ahead of the researchers to investigate and make QCA designing a reality. In this paper the QCA technology is reviewed with sufficient focus on basic concepts, implementations and information flow. The various building blocks in QCA are discussed and their working on the basis of physical laws is explained. This paper forms the basis for further complex digital designing in QCA.
Keywords: QCA; Cellular Automata; CMOS; Nanotechnology; Low Power.